On Thursday, the pontiff opened the summit by urging he b

  nd other church leaders to commit to taking concrete actions.

  ”The holy people of God are looking at us and expect from us not simple condemnat

ions,” Francis said, “but concrete and effective measures to put in place. We need to be concrete.”

  The Pope then said he had made a list of 21 “reflection points” that were handed out to the assembly of church leaders, wh

ich included preparing a “practical handbook” of guidelines for handling abuse cases when accusations emerge.

  Also included are instructions to inform civil authorities and church officials whenever an accusation is made, esta

blishing provisions to include non-clergy experts in investigations, as well as formulating “mandatory codes of c

onduct” for all church clergy, personnel and volunteers “to outline appropriate boundaries in personal relationships.”

  More controversially, the Pope proposed that dioceses and Catholic organizations around the world not publish

lists of clergy accused of abuse before a preliminary investigation and “definitive” condemnation have occurred.

  ”The principle of natural and canon law of presumption of innocence must be also be saf

eguarded until the guilt of the accused is proven,” the Pope said in the “reflection points.”

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